The celebration of Eid Al-Adha is symbolic of sacrifice and is a joyous occasion. Salatul Eid is fard upon all Muslims in the tradition of the sunnah. This holiday is of great importance to all adherents of Islam as it is believed to be wajib by many scholars. One receives a sin for not performing this act of worship unless there is a valid reason.
First Ten Days of Zul Hijjah
Ibn Abbas relates that the Prophet said:
“Good deeds performed on other days are not superior to those perfromed on these(first ten days of Zul Hijjah)”
The companions inquired “Not even Jihad?” He replied: “Not even Jihad, except for that person who goes out putting himself and his wealth in danger and does not return with anything.” (Bukhari)
Night of Eid
The night of both Eids are described in the hadeeth as amongst the great and sacred nights in the Muslim calendar. To remain awake on the nights of Eid and perform Ibadah is a source of great virtue and rewerd.
Muaz Ibne Jabal relates that Rasoolullah said: “Jannah is wajib(incumbent) for those who stay awake with the intention of making Ibadah on the following nights: 8th & 9th, the night of Eid Ul Adha(10th of Zul Hijjah), the night of Eidul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Shaban.”(Targheeb)
Qurabani is a practice commanded by Allah:
“…so turn in prayer towards your Lord and sacrifice(animals).”(108:2)
” There is nothing more dearer to Allah durig the days of Qurbani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrified animal shall come on the day of Judgement with its horns, hair and hooves(to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefor sacrifice with an open heart.”
(Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)
Sunnah on the day of Eid
- To rise early.
- To clean the teeth with miswak.
- To have a masnoon bath.
- To dress in one’s best garments in an Islamic manner
- To use Itr
- To avoid eating before Eid Salah
- To go early for Eid Salah
- To go walking for Eid Salah
- To read the Takbeer of Tashreeq in a loud voice while going for Eid Salah
- To use different routs to and from the place of Eid Salah
- To eat the meat of Qurbani(sacrifice) of one’s own offering, aftar the Eid Ul Adha Salah
It is Haram to fast on the 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th Zul Hijjah,(i.e Eid day and three days after) and the day of Eid Ul Fitr.